A: In the United States, when we work in environmental justice litigation in the southeastern United States and, for example, you have a poor community of colors that pollutes a hundred fortune companies that disproportionately pollutes that neighborhood nearby, and they work a good neighborhood agreement in principle through some sort ad hoc negotiation. Neighbours are never convinced that this company will actually make the emission reductions they have promised for several years or that they will achieve by investing the community reduction or compensation benefits they have promised. The fact that there is a written agreement that all lawyers have had, that it is the United States, that officials sat around the table without refuting, inevitably raises concerns about the implementation of these informally negotiated agreements. So what we`ve learned is to build what are called “almost self-forced agreements.” I would say that it would be as dear to my concern in a brown field of mediation in a city in the northeastern United States as it is in Manila, if we go to Mendenov and worry about their global mining interests and we do not promise the Muslim minority on that island. A: We are going, for example, to a poor island community, where the national government has decided to give some mineral exploration rights to this island. They didn`t bother to consult the population, and suddenly a city company emerges with giant machines to steal space, looking for everything it is, that they now claim to have a contract to use and the community says no possibility. The Community is addressing an international body and requires that an impact assessment be carried out. The government cannot refine it because it has too many other issues with this international body. At the moment, as unequal as the power between this national government and its ally within this international group, compared to the islanders, it may be unequal, but if the government could do what it wanted, there would be no negotiations. Now there will be negotiations because the government has decided that this group on the island has enough influence on its alliance with the international agency, that it has to prepare the evaluation, and there will be a negotiation as to whether the assessment was good enough. The evaluation was carried out by the international group and submitted to the international agency. The international agency says to the islanders and their supporters, “Is that okay with you?” And they say, “Well, that doesn`t forbid this thing, and we don`t want that thing.” The government says: “That was not what it was about, it was about minimizing the negative impact on the environment.
We do not have an environmental opinion here on this island, but this international agency says it can be done in a way that more or less addresses the environmental concerns of the island.